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Author Fraza, E.; Elsner, J.B.
Title A climatological study of the effect of sea-surface temperature on North Atlantic hurricane intensification Type Journal Article
Year 2015 Publication Physical Geography Abbreviated Journal Physical Geography
Volume 36 Issue 5 Pages 395-407
Keywords urricane intensification; tropical cyclone; hurricane; sea-surface temperature; North Atlantic
Abstract The climatic influence of sea-surface temperature (SST) on intensification is examined for North Atlantic hurricanes by averaging hourly intensity increases from best-track data over the period 1986-2013 in 4 degrees by 4 degrees latitude-longitude grid cells. Independent monthly SST data over the same period are averaged in the same cells. After removing cells with cold water or fast moving hurricanes, the SST effect on intensification, at the climate scale, is quantified by regressing intensification onto SST while controlling for average intensity. The regression is performed using a generalized linear model from a gamma family and a logarithmic link function. The model shows a statistically significant relationship, with higher intensification values associated with higher SST values. On average, mean intensification increases by 16% [(9,20)% uncertainty interval] for every 1 degrees C increase in mean SST. A clustered region where the model underpredicts intensification is noted over the southeastern Caribbean Sea, perhaps related to the fresh water plume from the Orinoco River.
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Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0272-3646 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 1101
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Author Freeman, E.; Woodruff, S.D.; Worley, S.J.; Lubker, S.J.; Kent, E.C.; Angel, W.E.; Berry, D.I.; Brohan, P.; Eastman, R.; Gates, L.; Gloeden, W.; Ji, Z.; Lawrimore, J.; Rayner, N.A.; Rosenhagen, G.; Smith, S.R.
Title ICOADS Release 3.0: a major update to the historical marine climate record Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication International Journal of Climatology Abbreviated Journal Int. J. Climatol.
Volume 37 Issue 5 Pages 2211-2232
Keywords marine meteorological data; ship data; buoy data; sea-surface temperature; sea-level pressure; humidity; metadata; ocean
Abstract We highlight improvements to the International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) in the latest Release 3.0 (R3.0; covering 1662�2014). ICOADS is the most widely used freely available collection of surface marine observations, providing data for the construction of gridded analyses of sea surface temperature, estimates of air�sea interaction and other meteorological variables. ICOADS observations are assimilated into all major atmospheric, oceanic and coupled reanalyses, further widening its impact. R3.0 therefore includes changes designed to enable effective exchange of information describing data quality between ICOADS, reanalysis centres, data set developers, scientists and the public. These user-driven innovations include the assignment of a unique identifier (UID) to each marine report � to enable tracing of observations, linking with reports and improved data sharing. Other revisions and extensions of the ICOADS' International Maritime Meteorological Archive common data format incorporate new near-surface oceanographic data elements and cloud parameters. Many new input data sources have been assembled, and updates and improvements to existing data sources, or removal of erroneous data, made. Coupled with enhanced �preliminary� monthly data and product extensions past 2014, R3.0 provides improved support of climate assessment and monitoring, reanalyses and near-real-time applications.
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Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0899-8418 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 1114
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Author Freytes-Ortiz, I.M.; Stallings, C.D.
Title Elevated temperatures suppress inducible defenses and alter shell shape of intertidal mussel Type Journal Article
Year 2018 Publication Marine Biology Abbreviated Journal Mar Biol
Volume 165 Issue 7 Pages 113
Keywords Temperature, mussels, coastal species
Abstract As ocean temperatures continue to rise due to climate change, many questions remain on how coastal species will cope with a changing environment. The effects of increased temperatures on bivalves has been well examined through single-species studies, showing reductions in tissue mass, shell growth, oxygen uptake, feeding rates, and survival. However, the consequences of these effects on predator–prey interactions remain poorly understood. We examined how increased temperatures (30, 32, 34 °C) and the presence of water-borne predation cues from blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus) affected the morphology and growth rate of southern ribbed mussels (Geukensia granosissima), as well as their handling times when attacked by predatory crabs. Although southern ribbed mussels were able to survive under chronic heat stress, exposure to higher temperatures resulted in more elongated shell shapes. Growth rates in mussel wet weight were higher for mussels reared in the presence of a predator than in the predator-free control, but only in the low-temperature treatment. Likewise, handling times were greater for crabs eating mussels grown in the presence of a predator, but the effect was lost at the mid- and high-temperature treatments. These findings suggest that predation-induced defenses were suppressed when prey were under chronic thermal stress, which could make mussels more vulnerable to predation. The presence of predation cues in natural environments should be taken in consideration when estimating or predicting the effects of climate change on organisms.
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Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0025-3162 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 2093
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Author Fuentes, M.M.P.B.; Monsinjon, J.; Lopez, M.; Lara, P.; Santos, A.; dei Marcovaldi, M.A.G.; Girondot, M.
Title Sex ratio estimates for species with temperature-dependent sex determination differ according to the proxy used Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Ecological Modelling Abbreviated Journal Ecological Modelling
Volume 365 Issue Pages 55-67
Keywords Marine turtles; Climate change; Temperature-dependent sex determination; Loggerhead turtle; Reptile
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Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0304-3800 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 1873
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Author Gilford, D.M.; Smith, S.R.; Griffin, M.L.; Arguez, A.
Title Southeastern U.S. Daily Temperature Ranges Associated with the El Nino-Southern Oscillation Type Journal Article
Year 2013 Publication Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology Abbreviated Journal J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol.
Volume 52 Issue 11 Pages 2434-2449
Keywords Climate variability; Climatology; ENSO; Surface temperature; Climate records
Abstract The daily temperature range (DTR; daily maximum temperature minus daily minimum temperature) at 290 southeastern U.S. stations is examined with respect to the warm and cold phases of the El Niño�Southern Oscillation (ENSO) for the period of 1948�2009. A comparison of El Niño and La Niña DTR distributions during 3-month seasons is conducted using various metrics. Histograms show each station�s particular distribution. To compare directly the normalized distributions of El Niño and La Niña, a new metric (herein called conditional ratio) is produced and results are evaluated for significance at 95% confidence with a bootstrapping technique. Results show that during 3-month winter, spring, and autumn seasons DTRs above 29°F (16.1°C) are significantly more frequent during La Niña events and that DTRs below 15°F (8.3°C) are significantly more frequent during El Niño events. It is hypothesized that these results are associated spatially with cloud cover and storm tracks during each season and ENSO phase. Relationships between DTRs and ENSO-related relative humidity are examined. These results are pertinent to the cattle industry in the Southeast, allowing ranchers to plan for and mitigate threats posed by periods of low DTRs associated with the predicted phase of ENSO.
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Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1558-8424 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 446
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Author Gintert, B.E.; Manzello, D.P.; Enochs, I.C.; Kolodziej, G.; Carlton, R.; Gleason, A.C.R.; Gracias, N.
Title Marked annual coral bleaching resilience of an inshore patch reef in the Florida Keys: A nugget of hope, aberrance, or last man standing? Type Journal Article
Year 2018 Publication Coral Reefs Abbreviated Journal Coral Reefs
Volume 37 Issue 2 Pages 533-547
Keywords Cheeca Rocks; Sea temperature; Degree heating weeks; Caribbean coral community; Landscape mosaic; Acclimatization
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Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0722-4028 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 2049
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Author Gravinese, P.M.; Enochs, I.C.; Manzello, D.P.; van Woesik, R.
Title Warming and pCO(2) effects on Florida stone crab larvae Type Journal Article
Year 2018 Publication Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Abbreviated Journal Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume 204 Issue Pages 193-201
Keywords Ocean acidification; Climate change; Crustacean; Larval development; Elevated pCO(2); Elevated temperature; pH
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Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0272-7714 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 1998
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Author Gravinese, P.M.; Enochs, I.C.; Manzello, D.P.; van Woesik, R.
Title Ocean acidification changes the vertical movement of stone crab larvae. Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication Biology letters Abbreviated Journal Biol Lett
Volume 15 Issue 12 Pages
Keywords climate change; crustacean; elevated temperature; larval transport; pH
Abstract Anthropogenic activities are increasing ocean temperature and decreasing ocean pH. Some coastal habitats are experiencing increases in organic runoff, which when coupled with a loss of vegetated coastline can accelerate reductions in seawater pH. Marine larvae that hatch in coastal habitats may not have the ability to respond to elevated temperature and changes in seawater pH. This study examined the response of Florida stone crab (Menippe mercenaria) larvae to elevated temperature (30 degrees C control and 32 degrees C treatment) and CO2-induced reductions in pH (8.05 pH control and 7.80 pH treatment). We determined whether those singular and simultaneous stressors affect larval vertical movement at two developmental stages. Geotactic responses varied between larval stages. The direction and rate of the vertical displacement of larvae were dependent on pH rather than temperature. Stage III larvae swam upwards under ambient pH conditions, but swam downwards at a faster rate under reduced pH. There was no observable change in the directional movement of Stage V larvae. The reversal in orientation by Stage III larvae may limit larval transport in habitats that experience reduced pH and could pose challenges for the northward dispersal of stone crabs as coastal temperatures warm.
Address Florida Institute of Technology, Institute for Global Ecology, 150 W. Univ. Blvd., Melbourne, FL 32901, USA.
Corporate Author Thesis
Publisher Place of Publication Editor
Language eng Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1744-9561 (Linking) ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 2374
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Author Guo, L.; Cheng, J.; Luedeling, E.; Koerner, S.E.; He, J.-S.; Xu, J.; Gang, C.; Li, W.; Luo, R.; Peng, C.
Title Critical climate periods for grassland productivity on China's Loess Plateau Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Agricultural and Forest Meteorology Abbreviated Journal Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Volume 233 Issue Pages 101-109
Keywords Aboveground net primary productivity (ANPP); Partial least squares regression (PLS); Precipitation; Temperate grassland; Temperature; Timing of climate variability
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Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0168-1923 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 1390
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Author Halbritter, D.A.; Teets, N.M.; Williams, C.M.; Daniels, J.C.
Title Differences in winter cold hardiness reflect the geographic range disjunction of Neophasia menapia and Neophasia terlooii (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) Type Journal Article
Year 2018 Publication Abbreviated Journal J Insect Physiol
Volume 107 Issue Pages 204-211
Keywords Climate change; Geographic range; Lower lethal temperature; Neophasia; Pinus; Supercooling point
Abstract Predicting how rapid climate change will affect terrestrial biota depends on a thorough understanding of an organism's biology and evolutionary history. Organisms at their range boundaries are particularly sensitive to climate change. As predominantly terrestrial poikilotherms, insects are often geographically limited by extremes in ambient temperatures. We compared the cold hardiness strategies of two geographically widespread butterflies, the pine white, Neophasia menapia, and the Mexican pine white, N. terlooii (Lepidoptera: Pieridae), at the near-contact zone of their range boundaries. Eggs are laid on pine needles and are exposed to harsh winter conditions. Eggs were collected from wild-caught butterflies, and we determined the supercooling point (SCP) and lower lethal temperature (LLT50) of overwintering eggs. The SCP of Neophasia menapia eggs (-29.0+/-0.6 degrees C) was significantly lower than that of N. terlooii eggs (-21.8+/-0.7 degrees C). Both species were freeze-intolerant and capable of surviving down to their respective SCPs (LLT50 of N. menapia between -30 and -31 degrees C, N. terlooii between -20 and -21 degrees C). Cold exposure time did not affect the survival of N. menapia, but N. terlooii experienced somewhat greater mortality at sub-freezing temperatures during longer exposures. Our results, coupled with an analysis of microclimate data, indicate that colder winters in northern Arizona may contribute to the northern range limit for N. terlooii. Furthermore, careful analysis of historical weather data indicates that mortality from freezing is unlikely in southern Arizona but possible in northern Arizona. Movements of Neophasia range boundaries could be monitored as potential biological responses to climate change.
Address Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, United States; McGuire Center for Lepidoptera and Biodiversity, Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville, FL 32611, United States
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Language English Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0022-1910 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 2101
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Author He, W.; Yang, J.Y.; Drury, C.F.; Smith, W.N.; Grant, B.B.; He, P.; Qian, B.; Zhou, W.; Hoogenboom, G.
Title Estimating the impacts of climate change on crop yields and N 2 O emissions for conventional and no-tillage in Southwestern Ontario, Canada Type Journal Article
Year 2018 Publication Agricultural Systems Abbreviated Journal Agricultural Systems
Volume 159 Issue Pages 187-198
Keywords DNDC model; Crop yield; Soil temperature; Moisture; Nitrous oxide emissions; Climate change
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Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0308521X ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 1849
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Author Heinemann, A.B.; Maia, A.D.; Dourado-Neto, D.; Ingram, K.T.; Hoogenboom, C.
Title Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) growth and development response to CO2 enrichment under different temperature regimes Type Journal Article
Year 2006 Publication Abbreviated Journal European Journal of Agronomy
Volume Issue Pages 52-61
Keywords growth chamber controlled environment global climate change growth analysis soybean temperature CO2 development CARBON-DIOXIDE CONCENTRATION ATMOSPHERIC CO2 ELEVATED CO2 SEED YIELD ENVIRONMENTAL-STRESS PLANT-RESPONSES AIR-TEMPERATURE PHOTOSYNTHESIS RESPIRATION CULTIVARS
Abstract The carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration of the global atmosphere has increased during the last decades. This increase is expected to impact the diurnal variation in temperature as well as the occurrence of extreme temperatures. This potentially could affect crop production through changes in growth and development that will ultimately impact yield. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of CO2 and its interaction with temperature on growth and development of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr., cv. Stonewall). The experiment was conducted in controlled environment chambers at the Georgia Envirotron under three different temperatures and two CO2 regimes. The day/night air temperatures were maintained at 20/15, 25/20 and 30/25 degrees C, while the CO2 levels were maintained at 400 and 700 ppm, resulting in six different treatments. Plants were grown under a constant irradiance of 850 mu moles m(-2) s(-1) and a day length of 12 h; a non-limiting supply of water and mineral nutrients were provided. Five growth analyses were conducted at the critical development stages V4, R3, R5, R6 and R8. No differences in start of flowering were observed as a function of the CO2 level, except for the temperature regime 25/20 degrees C, where flowering for the elevated CO2 level occurred 2 days earlier than for the ambient CO2 level. For aboveground biomass, an increase in the CO2 level caused a more vigorous growth at lower temperatures. An increase in temperature also decreased seed weight, mainly due to a reduction in seed size. For all temperature combinations, final seed weight was higher for the elevated CO, level. This study showed that controlled environment chambers can be excellent facilities for conducting a detailed growth analysis to study the impact on the interactive effect of changes in temperature and CO2 on soybean growth and final yield. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Address Hoogenboom, C (reprint author), Univ Georgia, Dept Biol & Agr Engn, Griffin, GA 30223 USA Univ Georgia, Dept Biol & Agr Engn, Griffin, GA 30223 USA Embrapa Arroz & Feijao, BR-75375000 Sto Antonio De Goias, Go, Brazil Embrapa Meio Ambiente, BR-13820000 Jaguariuna, SP, Brazil Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Crop Sci, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil
Corporate Author Thesis
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Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1161-0301 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FSU COAPS @ refbase @ 380 Serial 67
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Author Her, Y. G.; Boote, K. J.; Migliaccio, K. W.; Fraisse, C.; Letson, D.; Mbuya, O.; Anandhi, A.; Chi, H.; Ngatia, L.; Asseng, S.
Title Climate change impacts and adaptation in Florida's agriculture Type Book Chapter
Year 2017 Publication Florida's climate: Changes, variations, & impacts Abbreviated Journal
Volume Issue Pages 235-267
Keywords Florida's agriculture; Climate change; Crops; Fruits; Livestock; Sea level rise; Irrigation; Water resources; Elevated carbon dioxide; Increased air temperature; Rainfall change; Salt water intrusion; Salinity; Climate change adaptation; Cover crop; Conservation tillage; Sod-based rotation; Plastic mulch; Drought tolerant crops; Heat tolerant corps, Drought tolerant forage; Heat tolerant livestock; Livestock facility renovation; Livestock genomic selection; Mixed croplivestock systems; Decision support systems; Crop modeling
Abstract In this chapter, we describe Florida�s agriculture, the vulnerability of its crops and livestock to climate change and possible adaptation strategies. Much of Florida�s agricultural success is linked to its moderate climate, which allows vegetable and fruit crop production during the winter/spring season as well as the production of perennial crops such as citrus and sugarcane. In addition, there is a substantial livestock industry that uses the extensive perennial grasslands. While rising CO2 is generally beneficial to crop production but detrimental to nutritional quality, increase in temperature will cause mostly negative effects on yield. Florida�s agriculture faces additional challenges from climate change characterized by sea level rise and intensified extreme climate events, affecting land and irrigation water availability, livestock productivity and pest and disease pressure. New technologies and adaptation strategies are needed for sustainable agricultural production in Florida, including increased water and nutrient use efficiency in crops, crop and livestock breeding for heat stress, pest and disease resistance and reduced exposure of livestock to high temperature. Irrigation is a favored adaptation, but places an even greater burden or potential conflict between agriculture and community use of water resources.
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Publisher Florida Climate Institute Place of Publication Gainesville, FL Editor Chassignet, E. P.; Jones, J. W.; Misra, V.; Obeysekera, J.
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Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 1829
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Author Hertzberg, V.; Mac, V.; Elon, L.; Mutic, N.; Mutic, A.; Peterman, K.; Tovar-Aguilar, J.A.; Economos, E.; Flocks, J.; McCauley, L.
Title Novel Analytic Methods Needed for Real-Time Continuous Core Body Temperature Data Type Journal Article
Year 2017 Publication Western Journal of Nursing Research Abbreviated Journal Western Journal of Nursing Research
Volume 39 Issue 1 Pages 95-111
Keywords smoothing; functional data analysis; core body temperature; heat-related illness; occupational epidemiology; farmworker; heat stress; LOESS
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Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0193-9459 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 1400
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Author Hoadley, K.D.; Pettay, D.T.; Dodge, D.; Warner, M.E.
Title Contrasting physiological plasticity in response to environmental stress within different cnidarians and their respective symbionts Type Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication Coral Reefs Abbreviated Journal Coral Reefs
Volume 35 Issue 2 Pages 529-542
Keywords Temperature and CO2 acclimation; Package effect; Chlorophyll a; Carbon limitation
Abstract Given concerns surrounding coral bleaching and ocean acidification, there is renewed interest in characterizing the physiological differences across the multiple host-algal symbiont combinations commonly found on coral reefs. Elevated temperature and CO2 were used to compare physiological responses within the scleractinian corals Montipora hirsuta (Symbiodinium C15) and Pocillopora damicornis (Symbiodinium D1), as well as the corallimorph (a non-calcifying anthozoan closely related to scleractinians) Discosoma nummiforme (Symbiodinium C3). Several physiological proxies were affected more by temperature than CO2, including photochemistry, algal number and cellular chlorophyll a. Marked differences in symbiont number, chlorophyll and volume contributed to distinctive patterns of chlorophyll absorption among these animals. In contrast, carbon fixation either did not change or increased under elevated temperature. Also, the rate of photosynthetically fixed carbon translocated to each host did not change, and the percent of carbon translocated to the host increased in the corallimorph. Comparing all data revealed a significant negative correlation between photosynthetic rate and symbiont density that corroborates previous hypotheses about carbon limitation in these symbioses. The ratio of symbiont-normalized photosynthetic rate relative to the rate of symbiont-normalized carbon translocation (P:T) was compared in these organisms as well as the anemone, Exaiptasia pallida hosting Symbiodinium minutum, and revealed a P:T close to unity (D. nummiforme) to a range of 2.0-4.5, with the lowest carbon translocation in the sea anemone. Major differences in the thermal responses across these organisms provide further evidence of a range of acclimation potential and physiological plasticity that highlights the need for continued study of these symbioses across a larger group of host taxa.
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Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0722-4028 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 1050
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Author Hodges, R.E.; Jagger, T.H.; Elsner, J.B.
Title The sun-hurricane connection: Diagnosing the solar impacts on hurricane frequency over the North Atlantic basin using a space-time model Type Journal Article
Year 2014 Publication Natural Hazards Abbreviated Journal Nat Hazards
Volume 73 Issue 2 Pages 1063-1084
Keywords Sunspots; Hurricanes; North Atlantic Oscillation; El Niño Southern Oscillation; Sea-surface temperatures; Risk; Bayesian; Space–time model; Hexagon tessellation
Abstract The authors define a spatio-statistical response of hurricane frequency to the solar cycle. Previous research indicates reduced (increased) hurricane intensities and frequency in the western (eastern) tropical Atlantic. However, no formal quantitative relationship has been spatially established between hurricane frequency and solar activity. The authors use a Bayesian hierarchical space–time model, an increasingly popular approach due to its advantage in facilitating regression modeling of space–time phenomena in the context of large data sets. Regional hurricane frequency over the period 1866–2010 is examined in response to September sunspot number (SSN) while controlling for other relevant climate factors. The response features a 13 % reduction in probability of annual hurricane occurrence for southeastern Cuba, the southern Bahama islands, Haiti, and Jamaica when the SSN is 80 sunspots. In contrast, hurricane risk in regions of the southeastern Atlantic is predicted to increase by 73 % when the SSN is 160 sunspots. The model can be ported to explore other relationships over contiguous space.
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Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0921-030X ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 566
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Author Hu, X; Cai, M.; Yong, S.; Sejas, S.A.
Title Air temperature feedback and its contribution to global warming Type Journal Article
Year 2018 Publication Science China Earth Sciences Abbreviated Journal
Volume 61 Issue 10 Pages 1491–1509
Keywords Global warming; Air temperature feedback; Surface energy budget
Abstract Air temperature feedback results from the thermal-radiative coupling between the atmosphere and the surface and plays an important role in surface energy balance. This paper reveals the contribution of air temperature feedback to the global warming from 1980 to 2000. The air temperature feedback kernel, evaluated using the ERA-Interim reanalysis data, is used to discuss the physical mechanism for air temperature feedback, the dependency of the strength of air temperature feedback on the climatological spatial distributions of air temperature, water vapor and cloud content, and the contributions of air temperature feedback to rapid global warming. The coupling between temperature feedback and each of the external forcings and individual feedback processes will amplify the anomaly of direct energy flux convergence at the surface induced by the external forcings and individual processes. The air temperature feedback amplifies the initial surface warming due to the increase in CO2 concentration, ice and snow melting, increase in water vapor, and change in ocean heat storage. It also amplifies the surface warming due to the longwave radiaitve forcing associated with the increase in cloud cover, which acts to suppress the cooling of the shortwave effect of cloud forcing. Overall, temperature feedback plays an important role in the global warming from 1980 to 2000, as the net positive contribution to the perturbation of global mean energy flux at the surface from the air temperature feedback is larger than the net negative contribution from external forcing and all non-temperature feedbacks.
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Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 2203
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Author Hua, W.; Zhou, L.; Chen, H.; Nicholson, S.E.; Jiang, Y.; Raghavendra, A.
Title Understanding the Central Equatorial African long-term drought using AMIP-type simulations Type Journal Article
Year 2018 Publication Climate Dynamics Abbreviated Journal Clim Dyn
Volume 50 Issue 3-4 Pages 1115-1128
Keywords Central Equatorial Africa; Drought; AMIP; Sea surface temperature
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Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0930-7575 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 1922
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Author Hua, W.; Zhou, L.; Chen, H.; Nicholson, S.E.; Raghavendra, A.; Jiang, Y.
Title Possible causes of the Central Equatorial African long-term drought Type Journal Article
Year 2016 Publication Environmental Research Letters Abbreviated Journal Environ. Res. Lett.
Volume 11 Issue 12 Pages 124002
Keywords equatorial Africa; drought; sea surface temperature; rainfall
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Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1748-9326 ISBN Medium
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Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 1302
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Author Hussain, J.; Khaliq, T.; Ahmad, A.; Akhter, J.; Asseng, S.
Title Wheat Responses to Climate Change and Its Adaptations: A Focus on Arid and Semi-arid Environment Type Journal Article
Year 2018 Publication International Journal of Environmental Research Abbreviated Journal Int J Environ Res
Volume 12 Issue 1 Pages 117-126
Keywords Modeling; Quantification methods; Temperature; Pakistan; Sowing dates
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Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 1735-6865 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 1953
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