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Author Ellwood, E.R.; Dunckel, B.A.; Flemons, P.; Guralnick, R.; Nelson, G.; Newman, G.; Newman, S.; Paul, D.; Riccardi, G.; Rios, N.; Seltmann, K.C.; Mast, A.R.
Title Accelerating the Digitization of Biodiversity Research Specimens through Online Public Participation Type Journal Article
Year 2015 Publication BioScience Abbreviated Journal BioScience
Volume 65 Issue 4 Pages 383-396
Keywords crowdsourcing; citizen science; digital humanities; digitization of biodiversity research collections; public participation in scientific research
Abstract A goal of the biodiversity research community is to digitize the majority of the one billion specimens in US collections by 2020. Meeting this ambitious goal requires increased collaboration and technological innovation and broader engagement beyond the walls of universities and museums. Engaging the public in digitization promises to both serve the digitizing institutions and further the public understanding of biodiversity science. We discuss three broad areas accessible to public participants that will accelerate research progress: label and ledger transcription, georeferencing from locality descriptions, and specimen annotation from images. We illustrate each activity, compare useful tools, present best practices and standards, and identify gaps in our knowledge and areas for improvement. The field of public participation in digitization of biodiversity research specimens is in a growth phase with many emerging opportunities for scientists, educators, and the public, as well as broader communication with complementary projects in other areas (e.g., the digital humanities).
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Language Summary Language Original Title
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Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 0006-3568 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 694
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Author Wisely, S.M.; Glass, G.E.
Title Advancing the Science of Tick and Tick-Borne Disease Surveillance in the United States. Type
Year 2019 Publication Insects Abbreviated Journal Insects
Volume 10 Issue 10 Pages 361
Keywords Citizen science; National Ecological Observatory Network; One Health; species distribution modeling; state-space modeling; surveillance
Abstract Globally, vector-borne diseases are an increasing public health burden; in the United States, tick-borne diseases have tripled in the last three years. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recognizes the need for resilience to the increasing vector-borne disease burden and has called for increased partnerships and sustained networks to identify and respond to the most pressing challenges that face vector-borne disease management, including increased surveillance. To increase applied research, develop communities of practice, and enhance workforce development, the CDC has created five regional Centers of Excellence in Vector-borne Disease. These Centers are a partnership of public health agencies, vector control groups, academic institutions, and industries. This special issue on tick and tick-borne disease surveillance is a collection of research articles on multiple aspects of surveillance from authors that are affiliated with or funded by the CDC Centers of Excellence. This body of work illustrates a community-based system of research by which participants share common problems and use integrated methodologies to produce outputs and effect outcomes that benefit human, animal and environmental health.
Address Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA. gglass@epi.ufl.edu.
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Language eng Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2075-4450 (Linking) ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 2372
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Author Yang, D.; Wan, H.; Huang, T.-K.; Liu, J.
Title The Role of Citizen Science in Conservation under the Telecoupling Framework Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication Sustainability Abbreviated Journal Sustainability
Volume 11 Issue 4 Pages 1108
Keywords monarch butterfly; citizen science; migratory species; telecoupling
Abstract Citizen science is increasingly utilized to empower people to participate in conservation work and research. Despite the profusion of citizen science projects in conservation, many lacked a coherent analytical framework for understanding broad-scale transnational human-species interactions. The telecoupling framework provides a means to overcome this limitation. In this study, we use the monarch butterfly, a migratory species of high conservation value, to illustrate how citizen science data can be utilized in telecoupling research to help inform conservation decisions. We also address the challenges and limitations of this approach and provide recommendations on the future direction of citizen-based projects to overcome these challenges. The integration of citizen-based science and the telecoupling framework can become the new frontier in conservation because the applications of citizen science data in distant human-environment relationships have rarely been explored, especially from coupled human and natural systems (CHANS) perspectives. View Full-Text
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Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2071-1050 ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 2238
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Author Yang, D.; Yang, A.; Qiu, H.; Zhou, Y.; Herrero, H.; Fu, C.-S.; Yu, Q.; Tang, J.
Title A Citizen-Contributed GIS Approach for Evaluating the Impacts of Land Use on Hurricane-Harvey-Induced Flooding in Houston Area Type Journal Article
Year 2019 Publication Land Abbreviated Journal Land
Volume 8 Issue 2 Pages 25
Keywords citizen science; hurricane Harvey; flooding
Abstract Hurricane Harvey (2017) caused widespread flash flooding by extremely heavy rainfall and resulted in tremendous damage, including 82 fatalities and huge economic loss in the Houston, Texas area. To reduce hazards, loss, and to improve urban resilience, it is important to understand the factors that influence the occurrence of flooding events. People rely on natural resources and different land uses to reduce the severity of flood impacts and mitigate the risk. In this study, we focused the impacts of land use on Hurricane-Harvey-induced flooding inside and outside the Houston city center. With the recent trend that more citizen scientists serve in delivering information about natural disaster response, local residents in Houston areas participated in delineating the flooded areas in Hurricane Harvey. The flooding information used here generated a published map with citizen-contributed flooding data. A regional model framework with spatial autocovariates was employed to understand those interactions. Different land use patterns and types affected the potential of flooding events differently inside and outside Houston's city center. Explicitly, we found agricultural and open space were associated with high risk of flooding outside the city center, industrial lands increased the high risk of flooding in city center, and residential areas reduced the potential of flooding both inside and outside the city center. The results can assist with future land use strategy in Houston and other areas, and mitigate potential flash flooding. This study also highlighted the contribution of citizen science to responses to natural hazards.
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Language Summary Language Original Title
Series Editor Series Title Abbreviated Series Title
Series Volume Series Issue Edition
ISSN 2073-445X ISBN Medium
Area Expedition Conference
Notes Approved no
Call Number FCI @ refbase @ Serial 2240
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